Lactose is a disaccharide determined in milk and completely different dairy farm product. It is a vast sugar molecule created from smaller sugar molecules i.e. Glucose and Galactose. So, for milksugar to be absorbed from the bowel into the body, it ought to first be cut into Glucose and Galactose and this breakdown is administrated with the assist of disaccharidase protein and is then absorbed by the cells lining the tiny bowel. The protein disaccharidase is found on the ground of the cells lining the tiny gut. Lactose is found in milk, yogurt, cream, butter, frozen dessert and cheese and conjointly in some breads and food, cake mixes, ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, instant soups, candy, cookies, dish dressings and drink mixes. Milk Sugar is found altogether in milk product and as an additional ingredient in several different foods and beverages.
Which food Contains Lactose?
Lactose is found in milk, yogurt, cream, butter, frozen dessert and cheese and conjointly in some breads and food, cake mixes, ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, instant soups, candy, cookies, dish dressings and drink mixes. Milk Sugar is found altogether in milk product and as an additional ingredient in several different foods and beverages.Prepared foods made with milk or milk products may include lactose. These include:
- Gajar halwa
- Rice and Milk Kheer
- Tea and Coffee
- Chips or snack crackers (e.g. cheese or ranch flavored)
- Sugar substitutes made with lactose
- Powdered meal replacement supplements
- Hot chocolate mixes
- Cream-based liqueurs
What is Lactase Enzyme?
Naturally the enzyme is produced in the inner wall of small intestine. Microvilli which are small finger like projections and are present in the inner walls of small intestine produces Lactase. This absorbs nutrients from food containing Lactose and then the food can be absorbed directly into the blood stream. These microvilli are also known as Brush border based on their appearance. Lactase which is present on these brush border helps in breakdown of Lactose into smaller sugars i.e. Glucose and Galactose for further absorption.
What is Lactose intolerance?
Lactose intolerance is the inability of an individual to digest the lactose sugar present in milk or any dairy product. Lactose intolerance can occur at different ages. Mostly, Infants are affected but lactose intolerance can affect children as young as 2 years and is very common in adults. One way to treat lactose intolerance is to take Lactose-reduced diet, Prebiotics, Probiotics and Enzyme replacement. However, this can result in lack of important nutrients and vitamins such as Calcium, Vitamin D and Riboflavin which are basic requirement of an individual. Some people use lactose-free milk or milk substitutes such as soy or rice milk but it is not perfect as milk.
Signs and Symptoms associated with Lactose Intolerance:
When a person or a child takes milk or any dairy product containing lactose then he/she might have many symptoms indicating that the person is Lactose intolerant or Lactose indigestion problem. Some common symptoms are mentioned here such as:
- Abdominal pain
Who are in danger for lactose prejudice?
Lactose intolerance can begin at different ages. Infants are usually affected, but lactose intolerance can affect children as young as 2years. It is very common in adults. About 75% of the world's population is lactose intolerant. The risk varies greatly between countries, as shown on this map:
Who are Intolearnt to Lactose?
Lactose Intolerancy depends on various factors such as Ethnic background, Peoples having problem in digestive tract, Infection and Age and are described as follows:
Ethnic background: Asian, African, Spain and Native Americans peoples suffers mostly with lactose intolerance at young age.
Peoples having Problem in digestive tract: Peoples having problems with intestine such as their inflammation and celiac disease have a low level of Lactase enzyme by which their conversion is difficult.
Infection: Kids which have been suffered from diarrhea are more likely to develop this.
Age: Age is an important factor and is responsible for the decrement of Lactase level in body. As the peoples are getting older the amount of lactase production by their body also decreases.
Enjoy Dairy with Bioven Lactase!
Bioven Lactase enzyme is an alternate solution for the Lactose Intolerant people. Bioven Lactase Enzyme promotes digestion so you can enjoy the goodness of milk and dairy foods again. Being lactose intolerant used to mean giving up milk, dairy foods and the important nutrients, minerals and vitamins they provide. Milk contains vitamins A, B1, B12 & D and provides a rich source of calcium which is important to young growing bones and teeth – it can also help prevent osteoporosis in older people.
Bioven Lactase Enzyme Drops contain lactase enzyme, a safe natural enzyme that is usually found in the digestive system. It works by breaking down the complex milk sugar lactose, into two more easily digestible sugars – glucose and galactose. To use, Simply add three drops of Bioven Lactase enzyme to a pint of milk, gently shake, refrigerate for 24 hours and it is ready to use in cooking, beverages and cereals, hot or cold. Three drops will reduce the lactose by 70% which suits the large majority of people. Bioven Lactase Enzyme Tablets are designed to work in the acid environment of the stomach and are convenient when eating out. Chew 1-2 tablets immediately before consuming any food containing lactose.
Any tests for Lactose Intolerance?
There are many tests available for confirming Lactose Intolerance or Lactose Indigestion. These tests are described as follows:
The Principle behind this test is increase of H2 in respiratory air after lactose challenge. The amount of hydrogen may vary when there is a problem with the digestion or absorption of food in the small intestine. At the start of this test the patient is instructed to blow a balloon and the concentration of breath is measured in a sample of breath removed from the balloon. The patient is then administered a small amount of Lactose sugar and the concentration of hydrogen is then checked again and the pattern of Hydrogen production is interpreted.
Lactose Tolerance Test:
The principle behind this test is increase of blood sugar after Lactose challenge. This test also requires you to take a liquid containing lactose. After some time your doctor takes a blood sugar sample and checks whether the blood sugar level in your blood rises or not and if it does not rises then your body is not digesting Lactose. If the blood glucose level raise less than 20mg/dl within 2 hours of intake then you are Lactose intolerant.
Lactase activity at Jejunal Brush Border:
The principle behind this test is the enzymatic activity of lactase enzyme in biopsy sample. There exists a significant correlation between brush border Lactase and the maximum blood glucose rise after Lactose intake.
Stool acidity test:
A stool acidity test may be used for infants and children who are unable to perform other examinations. Undigested lactose fermentation creates lactic acid and other acids that can be detected in a sample of stools.